This course aims to introduce the constitutional law of India to students from all walks of life and help them understand the constitutional principles as applied and understood in everyday life. The pedagogy is precise and unique, as per week, the lessons shall be in the form of questions instead of being in pure theoretics. Accompanied with light reading and weekly exercises, the objective of making the Constitution of India, familiar to all students, and not only to law students, this course aims and objectifies legal understanding in the simplest of forms.
Week 1: Constitutions and Democracy
• Do democratic societies need a constitution?
• How is a constitution different from ordinary law?
• Is a constitution a political or a legal instrument?
• Does the Constitution
Week 2:Making a Constitution Democratic
• How should a society make a constitution?
• How did India make its 1950 Constitution?
• Can Parliament amend the constitution?
• Can the Parliament replace the constitution?
Week 3: Preamble to the Constitution
• Does a Preamble have legl effect or is it symbolic?
• How was India’s Preamble drafted?
• Does the Preamble help us interpret the constitution?
Week 4: Citizens
• Who is an Indian Citizen?
• Can Parliament decide Indian Citizenship without the Constitution?
• Are all constitutional protections confined to Indian Citizens?
Week 5: Fundamental Rights
• What Fundamental Rights do we have and are they absolute?
• Who can we exercise these FRs against?
• Who will protect these rights when they are violated?
Week 6: • Case Study -1: Equality and Domination
• Case Study-2: Affirmative Action
Week 7: • Case Study-3: Life
• Case Study-4: Liberty including free speech
Week 8:• Case Study-5: Freedom to do business
• Case Study-6: Religious Freedom
Week 9:Directive Principles
• Are DPs enforceable? If yes, against whom?
• Case Study-1: Anti-Hierarchy
• Case Study-2: Cow Protection
Week 10:Structure of the State
• Why is the state power distributed between various entities?
• How is the state power distributed?
Week 11: Separation of Powers
• Is the horizontal distribution of power between the legislature, executive and judiciary based on the expertise of each branch?
• Are the legislative, executive and judicial co-equally branched?
Week 11.1:Emergency Power
• Do constitutional democracies need an emergency power?
• What are the constraints on the exercise of emergency power?
• How can a constitutional regime recover from the proclamation of an emergency?
Week 12:Role of Judiciary in maintaining the sanctity of the Constitution of India & Constitutional Interpretation
• Is the vertical division of power designed to improve efficiency or to prevent the concentration of power?
• Can the Union override the State and the Local Governments?
• How should the Constitution be interpreted and who can interpret it?
• Does judicial interpretation of constitution override all others?
• Is constitutional review democratic?