Plant groups



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The CC- Botany 1 entitled Plant Groups is actually a course on basic plant diversity and comprises of 40 modules. It gives a detailed account of different plant groups like virus, bacteria, algae, fungi including and mycorrhizae, archegoniates including bryophytes, pteridophytes and also the spermatophyte in the form gymnosperms. Each group have detailed discussion of their classification, ecological importance, classification and phylogeny, certain important type genera and also their economic importance. Thus by studying these 40 modules, a student should be able to understand and appreciate the major plant groups from microbes to gymnosperms which form the basis of plant sciences. Students from any branch of biological sciences will find these modules relevant and useful for their higher studies.

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Week -1
1. Viruses: Discovery, general structure
2. Virus Replication
3. Economic Importance of Virus
Week -2
4. Bacteria – Discovery, General characteristics and cell structure
5. Vegetative, asexual reproduction of bacteria
6. Conjugation, Transformation and Transduction of Bacteria
7. Economic importance of bacteria
8. General characteristics, Ecology and distribution
9. Range of thallus organization, Reproduction in algae
10. Classification of algae;
11. Morphology and life-cycles: Nostoc and Chlamydomonas
12. Morphology and life-cycles: Oedogonium and Vaucheria
13. Morphology and life-cycles: Fucus, Polysiphonia.
14. Economic Importance: Blue green algae and higher algae
15. General characteristics, ecology and significance of Fungi
16. Range of thallus organization in fungi, cell structure and nutrition.
17. Classification and Reproduction in fungi
18. General characteristics, ecology and significance, life cycle: Rhizopus (Zygomycota)
19. General characteristics, ecology and significance, life cycle: Penicillium and Alternaria
20. General characteristics, ecology and significance, life cycle: Puccinia and Agaricus
21. Economic Importance of Fungi
22. Smbiotic Associations-Lichens:
General account, reproduction and significance
23. Mycorrhiza: ectomycorrhiza and endomycorrhiza and their significance
24. Unifying features of archegoniates, Transition and Alternation of generation.
25. General characteristics and Land adaptations of Bryophytes
26. Detailed Classification of Bryophytes
27. Range of thallus organization, Morphology, anatomy and reproduction: Marchantia and Funaria
28. Ecology of bryophytes and Economic importance of
bryophytes with special mention of Sphagnum
Week -10
29. Economic Importance of bryophytes with special mention of Sphagnum
30. General characteristics, classification of Pteridophytes
31. Early land plants (Cooksoniaand Rhynia).
32. Morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Selaginella
33. Morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Equisetum
34. Morphology, anatomy and reproduction of Pteris
35. Heterospory and seed habit, stelar evolution..
36. Ecological and economical importance of Pteridophytes
37. General characteristics and Detailed Classification of Gymnosperms
38. Morphology anatomy and reproduction of Cycas
39. Morphology anatomy and reproduction of Pinus
40. Ecological and Economic Importance of Gymnosperms.

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